Wednesday, 10 December 2014

My review of “Prayogshala” of Sudheer Sharma

My review of “Prayogshala” of Sudheer Sharma



Photo Credit: Wikipedia

The Chief Editor of Kantipur Daily, Mr. Sudheer Sharma has written a book in Nepali called “Prayogshala - Nepali Sankraman ma Dilli, Durbar ra Maobadi” (Laboratory - Delhi, Royal Palace and Maoist during Nepal's transition) herein after referred only as "Prayogshala". It hit market almost one year ago but I got to read it only during holidays of Dashain – Tihar of 2014. The book is about how India experimented (s) different things by using Maoist, King and Political Parties during the period of 2052 BS to 2063 BS and even today. The book was an instant hit and Sharma garnered a lot of praises and citations. His main focus was to analyse India’s intervention in Nepal’s domestic affairs in different phase of #Maoist movements and how #India tried to tilt the movement in its favour. In this process, India’s equations with different power sectors have changed and Sharma has tried hard to link every event with India’s interventions. I will come to this issue little later in my review.

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Before I will write more on Prayogshala (Laboratory or House for Experiment), I would like to make a mention of two notable books among others which I read during the vacation. The first one is: Manjushree Thapa’s “Seasons of Flight”. I have stopped reading MST long time ago because of her questionable contributions to literature. I had bought this book long time ago as a mark of respect to Nepalese writers but now, have stopped doing so. The book is just an average novel without anything much to offer to the readers.


Another book that I read is “Open Secret” of KP Dhungana published by FinePrints. The author tries to show that Indian establishment was involved in various crimes in Nepal to eliminate Pakistan encouraged terrorists/criminals. The book also shows that Nepal Police and Government turn a deaf ear to investigate such incidents. To derive this conclusion, author has done a good research but the references are regularly repetitive. In many pages, completely unnecessary, irrelevant, mundane and boring details have been provided making the book an ordinary one. Nothing much one can say about the book.

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Coming back to review of Sudheer Sharma’s book Prayogshala, the book was an instant hit. It garnered wide appreciation despite being ordinary chronicles of events. No new fact or new details having any significance have been revealed by the book. The book suffers from the myriad of drawbacks.

It makes continuous attempt to link anything and everything with Indian establishment and Research and Intelligence Wing of India. In the process, it throws some facts based on the interviews given by retired Indian “babus”. The book works hard to give credentials to rhetoric that nothing happens in Nepal without India’s expressed permission. This is a very sincere effort by Sharma to instil inferiority in Nepalese People. As stated by KanakMani Dixit sometime ago (in different context, though), this is another building block of that systematic game plan to show that Nepal is subservient to India.

While writing the book, there is hardly any first person account of the author. As Sharma was not a party to any of the game changing power deals concerning Nepal and India, everything he mentions is based on interviews of retired Indian bureaucrats, various leaders from across the entire spectrum. To make the book little bit interesting, he inserts some juicy stories about the meeting of different parties. However, all these accounts are sourced from different people’s articles, books etc. This makes the book devoid of any new content.

If we have to compare this book with recently written book “Maile Dekheko Darabar (The Palace that I had seen” of Bibek Shah, Bibek’s book clearly stands out in terms of quality of information and in terms of credibility. Bibek was there making his hands dirty and he had certainly much more credible information with him whereas a journalist can only pretend that he too was there. This is where “Prayogshala” stands out lowly. In fact, Sharma has extensively referred work of Bibek to make any points.

Another aspect where “Prayogshala” miserably suffers is compiling information not from so credible sources. In fact, the research Sharma has done is to rely on anything and everything written on Maoists, King, India etc. So, without any distinction, he quite regularly cites Janadesh – Maoist’s mouthpiece to tell his views. There is no filtering of information and hardly any application of sound mind in gathering references. This further deteriorates the quality of writing.

In Sharma’s books, the heroes and villains are pre-meditated. It seems Maoist brought panacea to all ills created by political parties who were struggling to establish multiparty democracy. Hence, the book is well scripted to create stardom of Maoist, and to create larger than life picture of Maoist Leaders. The Author seems to be so much moved by Maoist’s vision that he treats the general peace loving public nothing more than a trash. This can be seen in his derogatory reference to people’s retaliation against continuous Maoist protests in Kathmandu. It seems author was shattered as Moist had to call off all their protests due to unimaginable public outcry in Kathmandu. So, the shattered soul has only the contempt to the people of this republic.

However, at one instance, Sudheer is very honest about himself. He recognises his fallacy of showing soft heart to Maoists and recognises his failure to come to any conclusion despite talking with and reading numerous sources. So, he, howsoever painful it might be to state this disclaimer, accepts his futile attempt at the very beginning that he has nothing to offer in his book. Painfully honest disclosure indeed.


To close the review, I borrow words from Vinod Mehta, a celebrated India journalist, who writes in Lucknow Boy: A Memoir (2010), “For a journalist, credibility is like virginity. You can lose it only once.” Sudheer may be a celebrated among his tiny amateur circles of journalists, many a times, his actions as an editor of Kantipur have come under scanner and this is hardly a first stance of his losing it. The book falls devastatingly short of hype it could luckily, managed to create. 

Saturday, 6 December 2014

Come back to Home Again - Saturday Special Story

Come back to Home Again - Saturday Special Story 


“Hey, it’s good to be back home” by John Denver was playing in my iPod Nano when I was looking at the road. The road was long and wide. It was narrow few years ago when we used to stay in that area when we were students. It was that time of our life when boys used to fight for petty stuffs like for girls. I could decipher that the roads have been recently widened. The sides of the roads were full of fresh stone grits, sands and smalls to big boulders. There were numerous small ditches on the side pathways. Similar was the case with the road. It looked black tar was not put properly. There were bulging gutter (sewerage) Iron covers/lids on the middle of the roads. Here and there. The small ditches on roads are of course, very common in India. I was looking at them – those long dusty, wide and unending roads. I was looking at the road and the numbers of vehicles plying on the road. The bike, bicycles, tempos, autos, rickshaw, Lorries, buses etc. were running on it making dust fly over the pedestrians on the pathways. 


There were man-pulled to engine-driven vehicles, all marching towards their destination – unknown to me. All the vehicles were in speed except in few occasions when people crossed roads. Here and there. I wondered looking at them – these people – who cross roads at any point. They do not use Zebra-crossings as there are no Zebra-crossings at this juncture of the road. It is not one way road. Vehicles run from both the directions. People give signal to the running vehicles to slow down by their hands and cross halfway. Once the halfway is over, they give signal similarly to the vehicles from the opposite directions. They are used to this practice and are brave and unafraid.



I am looking at all these phenomena sitting under a tree on a roadside in front of an ATM. Today, I am aimless. I have nowhere to go and I have nothing to do. Hence, I am looking at these running vehicles and people who are rushing towards their offices, schools, colleges, and to their destinations best known to them.While I complete this task of looking at surroundings at today’s morning sitting, the iPod replays the same song: “Hey, it’s good to be back home.” The replay of the same song breaks my chain of thoughts and the state of the frozenness. Generally, the iPod songs are in “Reshuffle Mode” where songs are randomly selected for play in this form, I am told. It could be that the songs are not in “Reshuffle Mode” today but the same song is loaded twice. Okay, let it be. “I’ll listen to it again”, I told to myself.

But, wait, what a song for the people without destination – for me and for those who look to be in a hurry. I hope everyone reaches home. It is indeed a good feeling. But, these people must be coming out of home – majority of them for sure. In all probability, they are not heading towards their home at the moment. But, it must be a reminder for them what to do in rest of the day. It is their wish that they would like to be at home by the end of the day. It would do them good to think of this song before they indulge in any new adventure during the day. Long and unwinding roads are good. They take us home but sometimes, they can be treacherous. Wide roads attract speeds and it invariably multiplies the chances of accidents. Not everyone reaches home, sadly.



Especially on this stretch of Naryanguda – Chikkadpally – Secunderabad, the roads are always crowded and the traffics are highly unmanaged. Every vehicle plying on the roads are crowded especially due to many colleges on the way and due to nearby railway junctions. I have seen many students hanging on the doors of big buses and trying to travel the distance of 4-5 Kms to reach their colleges. In this context, the song: “Hey, It’s good to be back home” sounds truly meaningful and with full of revelations. I realise the significance of the song and take iPod out to replay it. The songs play again “Be Back Home” by John Denver.

Monday, 1 December 2014

Piece of advice to Head of CIAA which he can pass on piece of paper to Mr. Gagan Thapa

A Piece of advice CIAA Head can pass on to Chairman of A&WR Committee on a piece of paper

We are all aware that the Chief of the Commission for Investigation of Abuse of Authority (Chief/Head of CIAA), Mr. Lokman Singh Karki has refused to appear before the Agriculture and Water Resource Committee of Parliament (A&WR Committee) headed by young parliamentarian Mr. Gagan Thapa. This was a development before SAARC kicked off in Nepal. Thereafter, we read an advice/editorial by Ameet Dhakal in Setopati that Mr. Karki should be summoned again. And, this is exactly what Mr. Thapa has done now. We read that A&WR Committee has again summoned chief of CIAA for clarifications. This is a disturbing development.
If it was just a clash of ego between Mr. Karki and Mr. Thapa, we could turn a deaf ear. They can settle their own scores at their own terms but since it is inviting a constitutional crisis, it needs a closer look. Sanctity must prevail rather than trying hard to impose each other’s supremacy.
In this article, I stress why CIAA chief is right not to appear before A&WR Committee and Mr. Thapa must stop putting constitutional set up in a collapse. Mind it, it is no way a defence of Mr. Lokman Singh Karki but only a pleading of a “common man” why “The Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063” must be respected.

Genesis of problems and development thereafter:
It all started with a direction of CIAA to the Government to scrap the licence of some of the hydro-electricity projects which have not yet started any work or which have failed to complete the milestone of works as agreed in agreements with the government. In this relation Finance Committee of Parliament has already summoned CIAA head and has received his clarification. On that day, it is understood that CIAA head has “requested” the parliamentary committees (except Good Governance Committee of Parliament) not to summon him. He understands that only Good Governance Committee of Parliament can summon him as has been written in Rule 110 of Rules on the functioning of Constituent Assembly (Parliament), 2070.

Despite such “request” of CIAA head, A&WR Committee summoned Mr. Karki to appear before the committee. Mr. Karki, instead of appearing in person, sent his response letter reminding Mr. Gagan Thapa that he will not appear before A&WR Committee but only before Good Governance Committee. As per Mr. Karki, only Good Governance Committee can summon him as CIAA Chief and he “seems to be” absolutely RIGHT.

Being miffed by head of CIAA’s response, the A&WR Committee had written to Speaker of the House to decide on the matter but we have heard no response or action on it by the Speaker. He might be discussing the matter with experts, analysing the legal and constitutional provisions to come to a conclusion. However, in the race of settling scores with CIAA head, the A&WR Committee has undermined the authority of speaker by not waiting for speaker’s response on the matter. This is undermining of parliamentary democracy. Mr. Thapa must understand that he and his committee cannot be a prosecutor and decider/judge at the same time. The propriety of the office demands that he be “functus officio” once the matter is referred to the Speaker.

Positions taken by A&WR Committee while re-summoning CIAA head:
The A&WR Committee and the supporters of calling/recalling CIAA head to any parliamentary committee have argued that parliament is a supreme sovereign body and it can summon anyone for the sake of making him/her responsible and transparent. They argue that CIAA and any other constitutional bodies must be responsible and accountable to the people of Nepal. As the people of Nepal have elected a parliament to be their representative, they argue that the accountability to the people will be expressed by making constitutional bodies accountable to the Parliament. This is palpable and is a flawless argument and in principle, no fault can be found on it.
However, question remains open what processes and procedures you adopt while demanding accountability from others. Is it that there is no limitation on the power of parliament? Can a parliament do anything and everything under the sweep of “people’s representatives” or on the garb of being a “sovereign body”? Definitely, this is not so. There are limitations on the power of parliament also. The limitations are twofold: whether it can exercise certain powers, and if it can, how the powers are to be exercised. In a democratic constitutional process, ends cannot justify the means. Both the ends and the means must be democratic, constitutional, legal and should be exercised with judicious mind. It alone can help to develop a constitutional jurisprudence which will only strengthen our parliamentary and constitutional democracy.

We must also be absolutely clear that Parliamentary committees are called “mini parliaments”. However, these are the metaphors used in political writings. Obviously, a committee of a parliament is not a synonym with a Parliament itself. A Committee of a Parliament cannot do all those things which a Parliament alone can do. For example, no one will argue that a bill can be passed from a particular committee of a parliament and can be made a law. Hence, it should be absolutely clear to a committee of a parliament that it is no point to make a hue and cry on the pretext that a sovereign parliament’s authority has been eroded by response of chief of CIAA.

Options for A&WR Committee:

It is better for A&WR Committee that it withdraws the summons issued to CIAA head. As it is clear that CIAA head can be summoned only by Good Governance Committee of Parliament, Mr. Thapa can explore the option of sending a request to Good Governance Committee of Parliament to summon CIAA Head. While sending such request letter, it is wise to list down the queries in which A&WR Committee wants to seek clarifications from CIAA Head. All the members of A&WR Committee can be present in Good Governance Committee at the time of hearing as allowed under Rule 112(5) of Rules on the functioning of Constituent Assembly (Parliament), 2070. This will save the present constitutional chaos. This will also ensure that A&WR Committee follows the constitutional provisions in both “letter and spirit” so that the constitutional authorities are not harassed by “mini-parliaments” for vengeance. This will help in future to build a trust between constitutional bodies and parliament and the decorum of both the bodies (Constitutional bodies and parliament) can be maintained.

Before parting, I would also like to add that the Constitutional provision which gives power to parliament to draft its own rules to govern the functioning of the house cannot be used as a hanging sword against constitutional bodies. It must be borne in mind that no particular provision/article of a constitution would have supremacy against another article unless the “non-obstante” clauses are used in such articles which may have overriding powers. Hence, in absence of such provisions in the Constitution where parliament/mini-parliament can control the constitutional bodies at their will, any reference on Rules on the functioning of Constituent Assembly (Parliament), 2070 alone cannot validate the decisions taken by A&WR  Committee when such decisions are taken at “whims and fancies” of the members.


I hope Lokman Singh Karki passes this advice to Gagan Thapa this time too, on a piece of paper.

Sunday, 30 November 2014

Machine Readable Passport (MRP) from Nepal - Tips and Guidelines

I have seen many people inquiring about Machine Readable Passport („MRP“) of Nepal. As I made my passport recently in Nepal (From Department of Passport, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kathmandu), I thought to share my experience with you as it may help many people. This will also brings me back to some writing after a long gap.

First of all, you need to understand that if you have hand-written passport issued by Government of Nepal, it will no longer be valid after November 24, 2015 (even if the date of expiry indicated in the passport is beyond this date). That means you have less than a year’s validity of your existing passport. If you are going to apply for any new visa, generally, no country will give you visa unless you have a passport of minimum six month’s validity. Therefore, it is high time that you renew your existing machine non-readable passport to machine readable passport.

This information below is provided based on my experience of making passport from Nepal. If you are approaching to Nepalese Embassies located in different countries, the process and documentation may slightly vary. Here we go to know how to make MRP from Nepal.

STEP 1:
1.    The application forms for MRP should be downloaded from Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) website. As you have to submit the computer typed form, fill the details in the form in computer itself. Hand written form will not be accepted by MOFA. You can download the form and instructions regarding how to fill it correctly from the following links:
http://www.dopmofa.gov.np/pdf/form2-4mv2-1.pdf (Main Form - Please print three copies of this form. In one of these three copies, do not forget to print “Recommendation of CDO’s office from where you have made your Citizenship Card” on the back side of the firm.)
http://www.dopmofa.gov.np/pdf/Varification%20letter%20annex.pdf (Recommendation of CDO’s office from where you have made your Citizenship Card – Please understand that you must print this form on the backside of one of the main form)

You should not fill anything on this recommendation page which you have printed on the backside of the main form. This will be filled by CDO’s office when you go to submit the form. They will do so by their handwriting after checking the record.

2.    While taking the print, please be careful about print settings. As per MOFA website, the following has been instructed:
विवरण भरेपछि प्रिन्ट गर्दा ध्यान दिनुपर्ने कुरा

o    प्रिन्ट गर्दा paper size A4 हुनुपर्छ
o    page scaling मा "none" option हानेर मात्र प्रिन्ट गर्नुपर्छ
The instructions say that the paper should be A4 on which passport applications are printed and please select “none” option in page scaling of printer setting. Please do as has been instructed. Otherwise, your form will be rejected.

3.    You have to also be careful about photo. The photo should be without spectacles and the forehead should be seen and should not be covered by hair among other technical details. The instructions regarding passport photo can be found here:

You can read more instructions and details from MOFA website, Department of Passport: http://www.dopmofa.gov.np/mrp/

4.    Once the passport application form and photos (they need three copies) are ready, stick the photo on the form. One photo should be pasted with glue on the front page of the form where box for photo has been provided (which clearly says, “Affix the photo with a dab of glue in the box”). Another photo should be pasted on the back side of the form in which you have printed the CDO’s recommendation. There is no specific box in which you need to paste your photo. So, paste it on the right side of the page just above the big box of recommendation. Make sure it will not touch any printed letters.

5.    On the front page, you have to put the thumb impressions of your both hands. Here, you must be extra-cautious. Use only black ink for the thumb impressions and they should not touch any line of the box. So, be careful and make sure your thumb impression does not touch top and bottom lines of the form. Of course, they should not touch left and right side lines of the box.

6.    You have to also put your signature on the forms. It can be signed in any but in one language. Either in Nepali or in English only but with a black ink pen.

If you find hassle in doing above things or if you are not confident of above, take help of passport agents which are located outside every CDO’s office or outside Additional CDO’s office if your area is covered by Additional CDO Office (ILAKA PRASASHAN KARYALAYA). Generally, agents charge Rs. 300-400 along with photos and do a good work.

7.    Once you have above things ready, please go to CDO’s office or Additional CDO’s office if your area is covered by Additional CDO Office (ILAKA PRASASHAN KARYALAYA) in your district from where you have received your Citizenship Card (Nagarikata). You should also attach a photocopy of your Nagarikata and old passport along with the filled form. You must carry your original Citizenship Card (Nagarikata) and original passport (if you have already taken one in the past). If you have lost your passport and making it again, you should go with proper advertisements in newspaper and police report.

Also, you should write an application (can be handwritten or computer print) addressing the CDO’s office or Additional CDO’s office (as the case may be) requesting him to verify the record and issue the recommendation or certify the details printed on back side of the main form.

8.    In CDO’s office or in Additional CDO’s office, they will check the record of your Nagarikata and issue the certification/verification/recommendation. The government employees fill the back side of the main form themselves and the Section Officer (Third Class Gazetted Officer) puts his signature on your photo and on the form and you will be given the copy with the stamping of the seal of the CDO’s office or in Additional CDO’s office.

Once this is done, you can decide whether you want to pay only Rs. 5,000/- and wait for minimum 2 months. If you want to do so, you can submit the stamped form there itself in the same CDO’s office or in Additional CDO’s office.

If you need your passport urgently, you have to go to Department of Passport, (DOP) Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Narayanhiti Durbar, Kathmandu. In this case, you have to pay Rs. 10,000/- but will get a passport within a week.

9.    If you go to DOP in Kathmandu, you should carry along with you the form which has been certified by CDO’s office or Additional CDO’s office, one additional form (this one is the most important as it will be scanned by DOP), your original Nagarikata and your original Passport if you have already taken one along with Nepali Rupees Ten Thousand (NR 10,000/-) in Cash.

10.  You are advised to go early in the morning and get in the Queue (Line) so that your turn will come early during the day. As on average 2500 people per day will be applying for MRP and the number is going to increase day by day, going very early will help. You are advised to reach there and be in queue not later than 8 am. I reached there at 8.30am and I could submit my form only at 3.45 pm in the afternoon.

11.  There will be token system to manage the line. Nothing to worry as it is a mechanism to control lines and people. There will be check of photos and forms and if anything is found incorrect and insufficient, you will be asked to bring another form/photo as the case may be. As this screening will be after getting token numbers, in case you are told to change any form or photo, do not panic. Go outside. Take the print of another form or get another photo clicked. There are many agents on Jamal – Kesar Mahal Road and they do a sound job. DO NOT THROW THE OLD FORMS BROUGHT FROM CDO’s OFFICE AS THEY MUST BE SUBMITTED even if they are found faulty. Especially, the recommendation letter (certified/verified letter) must be submitted to DOP even if they are not as per standards.

12.  Thereafter, once your turn comes submit the form and pay the amount in the counter next to form collection counter. You will get a slip from Global IME Bank. This slip is a proof that you have submitted the passport form. You must present this while collecting your passport after a week.

13.  You come back after a week to collect passport and present the slip of Global IME Bank to the passport collection counter. You must bring your Nagarikata and old Passport while coming to collect the MRP. You must be present yourself for collection. The passport office puts a “Cancelled without Prejudice” stamp on your old passport and gives you your MRP. That’s it.

If you think that I missed something or if you want to add anything, please do. You can contact me for any clarifications via twitter @npPoet or via comment section of my blog http://nepalikabitagajal.blogspot.in/ 

Saturday, 4 October 2014

Nepali Kabita Poems and Gazal by डिल्ली प्रसाद खराल

मेरो ब्लगको कमेन्टमा डिल्ली प्रसाद खरालले दुबईबाट केहि गजलहरु कमेन्ट को रुपमा प्रस्तुत गर्नु भएको रहेछ. उहाका तिनै रामा गजल हरुलाई पोस्ट बनाएर प्रस्तुत गरेको छु. 

गुलाब को फूल सम्झन्थे जिन्दगी, 

सघर्षको मैदान रहेछ !!

खुसियालीको बहार सम्झन्थे जिन्दगी,

आशु नै आसु को भेल रहेछ !! 

मायाको फूलबारी सम्झन्थे जिन्दगी, 

उझाड बन पाखा को खाडा पो रहेछ !! 

ईश्वरको बरदान सम्झन्थे जिन्दगी,

कहाली लाग्दो रात पो रहेछ!!!

डिल्ली प्रसाद खराल


अमर होइन हाम्रो जिबन
नसोच घाम र जून झैं

ढलनै पर्छ एकदिन सबैले
सुकेको रुख ढले झैं

डुब्दै छ जिबन यो दुखःको सागर मा
के नै पो अब होला र खै

तै पनि छोड्दैन लोभ ले कसैलाई
लगेर पो के जान्छन कोही !!

By डिल्ली प्रसाद खराल from Dubai, UAE

This post has been filed/posted under nepali kabita, nepali love story kabita, nepali kabita com, kabita nepali, nepalikabita, nepalikabita 2012, nepali kabeta, nepali gajal kabita, napali kabita, nepali kabita 2069. This post has been tagged under nepali kabita, nepali love story kabita, nepali kabita com, kabita nepali, nepalikabita, nepalikabita 2012, nepali kabeta, nepali gajal kabita, napali kabita, nepali kabita 2069.

Sunday, 28 September 2014

Guest Post - Nepali Gajal Kabita Haru

मेरो ब्लगको कमेन्टमा डिल्ली प्रसाद खरालले दुबईबाट केहि गजलहरु कमेन्ट को रुपमा प्रस्तुत गर्नु भएको रहेछ. उहाका तिनै रामा गजल हरुलाई पोस्ट बनाएर प्रस्तुत गरेको छु. 

बादल पनि कुना पस्यो नदि बन्यो निलो
नांगा नांगा डाँडा हरु कतै छैन हीलो
तातो तातो हावा चल्छ अजै तातो घाम
सकी नसकी गर्नु पर्छ अजै यहाँ काम
मरु भुमि खाडी मुलुक दुबई यसको नाम
डिल्ली प्रसाद खराल मैहु गर्छु यहाँ काम
हरेक साँझमा झर्ने आँसु भैदिएपछि
के लाऊ साइनो कठै तिमीलाई
जब याद नै आज आतित् भएपछि
बल्झिन्छ दुख्छ बल्झिन्छ
चसकिन्छ खाली छाति यो
मात्र एउटा न्युपारि
बगी रहन्छ आसु यो

This is a Nepali Poem/Gazal/ gajal . I do not know much about Gazal/Ghazal/गजल but shall try whenever I have time. I like writing Nepali and English Poems and reading them and गजल is one of such areas which attracts my interests. In my other blogs, there are other Poem/Gazal/ गजल. In case you also write Poem/Gazal/ गजल , then, you can send them to me, I will publish them in my blog. I am grateful to my all the readers for reading my Nepali Poem/Gazal/ गजल.
As I said above, I like Nepali Poem(kabita) and Nepali Gazals(Poem/Gazal/ गजल), I will be posting here some more Poem/Gazal/ गजल when I have time. You can also send me your Poems and Nepali Gazals.
Literature is such an interesting thing in Life and our Nepali literature is also very rich. Just We need to do is keep on Contributing to this field.
नेपाली साहित्य, कबिता र गजल मन पराउने साथी हरुलाई तल को कबिता/Poem/Gazal/ गजल प्रस्तुत गरेको छु। तपाईं पनि यदी नेपाली गजल मन पराउनु हुन्छ भने यो ब्लग हेर्दैइ गर्नु होला। मेरो ब्लग मा पालिदिनु भएकोमा धेरै धेरै धन्यवाद।

नेपाली साहित्य, कबिता र गजल - Nepali Kabita, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Poems

केहि कविताहरु प्रस्तुत गरेको छु. पहिलो नेपाली कविता युबराज थापा ज्यु को हो. 

II 1 II
अञ्जुली भरी सम्झाना दिन्छु
सोचेर राख्नु ल
मन को कुरा लेखेर दिन्छु
न रिसाइ राख्नु ल

II 2 II

यो दोश्रो चाही संजीभ लामा जीले पठाउनु भएको हो. 

प्रेम र पिरती को खेल यो मन ले जान्दैन 
तिमि लाई देखेर  त सिख्न थालेकोछु 
अब माया लाउने कुनै तरिका यो मन ले अपनाउने छ 
आइ लभ यु .... बोबिता 
पोहिलो नजरमै तिमि मेरो मुटु मा बसी हालेउ

अब म के गरौ? भन न प्रिय!

नेपाली साहित्य, कबिता र गजल - Nepali Kabita, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Poems

This blog is created to develop the Nepali Poems, Nepali Kabita, Nepali Sahitya, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Sayari and Nepali Muktaks. In this blog, we talk about old and new Nepali Kabitas, Nepali Poems and Nepali Gajals written by old and new Nepali Poets.

We will try to cover all kinds on Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal in this blog. If you write Nepali Poems or Nepali Gajal or Nepali Kabita, Please send to us. We will publish your Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal in our blog. We will help everyone to develop skills of writing Nepali Kabita, Nepali Gajal and Nepali Poems and you can be a finest Poems.

Nepali Gajal, Nepali Kabita and Nepali Kabita Haru is a very rich and developed areas. There are many Poets and Kabis writing in Nepali. नेपाली साहित्य is a very rich one. It has very different areas of Nepali Kabita, Nepali Poem, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Gazal and it is being enriched day by day. 

Kabita is a Nepali word for Nepali Poem. There are other types of Nepali Poems which are called Nepali Gazal or Nepali Gajal. In Nepali, Nepali Poem is written as नेपाली कबिता - these are Nepali Poems.

Nepali Gazals and Nepali Kabitas are written on different areas. There are Nepali Love Kabita, Nepali Love Gajal. There are various Nepali Gajal Collections published around the world and in Nepal. The Nepali Gajals are widely liked and appreciated by Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal loving people. In Nepali Sahitya Sansar, Gajal has taken very important place. नेपाली गजल is becoming very popular day by day among Nepali Poems, Kabita and Gajal liking People. The Gajal Sansar is becoming very very rich day by day with new Nepali Kabita, New Nepali Gajal. The Nepali KabitaHaru will reach to another height with Nepali Muktak Haru.

Among the Nepali Poems and Nepali Gajals, mostly love Nepali Kabita are famous among Nepali Sahitya Loving People. Among Nepali Gajals, sad Nepali Gajals are famous among the Nepali Sahitya Lovers. 

There are many Gajals/Gazals where sorry has been expressed by Poem Writers in Nepal. There are many Ramro Nepali Kabita Haru published by Nepali Poets and Nepali Kabita Writers. We are targeting to develop this blog as a collection blog for Nepali Gazal and Nepali Kabita.

Nepali Gajal Nepali Kabita and Nepali Kabita Haru - नेपाली साहित्य नेपाली कबीता नेपाली गजल

This blog is created to develop the Nepali Poems, Nepali Kabita, Nepali Sahitya, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Sayari and Nepali Muktaks. In this blog, we talk about old and new Nepali Kabitas, Nepali Poems and Nepali Gajals written by old and new Nepali Poets.

We will try to cover all kinds on Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal in this blog. If you write Nepali Poems or Nepali Gajal or Nepali Kabita, Please send to us. We will publish your Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal in our blog. We will help everyone to develop skills of writing Nepali Kabita, Nepali Gajal and Nepali Poems and you can be a finest Poems.

Nepali Gajal, Nepali Kabita and Nepali Kabita Haru is a very rich and developed areas. There are many Poets and Kabis writing in Nepali. नेपाली साहित्य is a very rich one. It has very different areas of Nepali Kabita, Nepali Poem, Nepali Gajal, Nepali Gazal and it is being enriched day by day. 

Kabita is a Nepali word for Nepali Poem. There are other types of Nepali Poems which are called Nepali Gazal or Nepali Gajal. In Nepali, Nepali Poem is written as नेपाली कबिता - these are Nepali Poems.

Nepali Gazals and Nepali Kabitas are written on different areas. There are Nepali Love Kabita, Nepali Love Gajal. There are various Nepali Gajal Collections published around the world and in Nepal. The Nepali Gajals are widely liked and appreciated by Nepali Kabita and Nepali Gajal loving people. In Nepali Sahitya Sansar, Gajal has taken very important place. नेपाली गजल is becoming very popular day by day among Nepali Poems, Kabita and Gajal liking People. The Gajal Sansar is becoming very very rich day by day with new Nepali Kabita, New Nepali Gajal. The Nepali KabitaHaru will reach to another height with Nepali Muktak Haru.

Among the Nepali Poems and Nepali Gajals, mostly love Nepali Kabita are famous among Nepali Sahitya Loving People. Among Nepali Gajals, sad Nepali Gajals are famous among the Nepali Sahitya Lovers. 
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There are many Gajals/Gazals where sorry has been expressed by Poem Writers in Nepal. There are many Ramro Nepali Kabita Haru published by Nepali Poets and Nepali Kabita Writers. We are targeting to develop this blog as a collection blog for Nepali Gazal and Nepali Kabita.


Thursday, 25 September 2014

Aayu Drona Sute - Meaning of Dashain and Vijaya Dashami

It was good to read about "Bada Dashain" and its beginning day today "Ghatasthapana". Dashain or Bada Dashain (also called as Navaratri) is Nepali's biggest national festival and for the BS 2071, it has started from today. We wish all our readers a very happy and prosperous "Bada Dashain" and "Subha VijayaDashami".
Ghatasthapana marks the beginning of Hindu Nepalese's biggest festival. This marks the start of special 9 days called as Navaratri. Today, Nepali people do a special Puja and sow the seeds of barley, wheat and maize in dark corner of a home without direct access of sunlight. This is called "creation of Jamara". The Jamara/small saplings from these seeds are given along with Tika on the day of "Vijaya Dashami". There will be daily readings of sacred religious texts and offerings at a place where Jamara Ghar is created. This festival will also demand the animal sacrifices which take place on eighth and ninth day of Navaratris. These 8th and 9th days are called "Maha Ashtami" and "Maha Nawami".
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Herein below, I am writing about the slokas/Mantras/Hymns that are chanted on the day of Vijaya Dashami and four days thereafter while offering Tika (Rice and curd put on your forehead after they are mixed with red colour). Tika will be offered by elder family members to younger ones and comes with blessings.
The blessings will be generally by reciting Sanskrit Text and we will be looking of the meaning of such Hymns.
*******
“Aayu drona sute” is Sanskrit mantra/hymns that our parents chant when they put Tika on our forehead in Dashain. In our childhood, it used to be sometimes fun for us. We used to joke like ‘Aayu Drona Sute’……….Dashain ka bela sabai jana sute, Chor haru jage………That means all people like drona and others have slept, and only the thieves are roaming around in the night………..it was our interpretation to create some humour.
The actual meaning of ‘Aayu Drona Sute’ means May you have a long life like Son of Drona. The Son of Drona is called Asosthama, which is considered to be one of the Aastha Chiranjivi (Aastha Chiranjivi means those eight people who never die as per Hindu epics). Therefore, when our parents bless us saying ‘Aayu Drona Sute’, that means let my children have long life like Asosthama………that means you never die.
“Aayu drona sute” is in sanskrit and it is a long chant and each words used in the hymn signify something great thing about various people. It is basically the blessings given by your near and dear ones who are generally aged in your families and respected by all family members.
When I talk about Dashain, the nine days puja/worship to god and the tenth day Vijaya dashami should be fondly rembered. Dashain is a festival having fifteen days totally.
There are Dashain Kabita written by various great poets in Nepal. These Kabita/poems depict the grandeur of Dashain and enlighten more about Dashain.
In terms of food also, Dashain is something different like what did nepali people eat in dashain matters. It is mostly a non-veg festival unless you eat only vegetarian food. Generally, the non-vegetarian foods are eaten from 8th day of Navaratri, which is called MahaAsthami and that is today. People, as per their tradition, cut goat, buffalo, chicken etc. on this occasion.
My dashain wish cannot be fulfilled but I am yearning for going home. I wish that all Nepalese Celebtare Dashain in great mood.
By evening, I wish to post a nepali gazal about Dashain. I hope I can write a one to depict the beauty and majesty of this Festival.
Wish you all a Happy Dashain.
Once Again, Happy Dashain!

Wednesday, 3 September 2014

Why not to write a detailed history of Nepali Congress?

Why not to write a detailed history of Nepali Congress?

As I have left my boring job, I am jobless these days having plenty of time to think what to do next. Sometimes, I can zero down on what to do and sometimes, I pass my day by doing only thinking. Today, while thinking on myriad of topics, a thought came to my mind. why not to read old essays from my book/magazine shelves.

I stumbled upon hard copy of old caravan magazine. Actually, it was a spiral bound office printed A4 sheet document with some interesting essays from the past. The essay I read was by Ram Chandra Guha on One Hundred and Twenty Five Years of Indian National Congress. Guha thinks that BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party which is currently ruling at Center in India) and other small regional parties are bigots and sectarians and only congress is THE PARTY of the people. (Of Course, it was written much much earlier to 2014 election of India) However, Mr. Guha seemed to be at pain to see "Pappuness" of Rahul Gandhi and his mother Madame Sonia. The whole point was how they have forgotten great congress leaders other than Gandhi family members.

While reading this, I started pondering why not to write a good account of How Nepali Congress Came into existence and how it struggled to eradicate Rana Regime and thereafter, to restore democracy back in Nepal in 1990. There was no alternative to "Nepali Congress" when we thought of democracy in Nepal. We must be able to read in future the great leaders of Nepali Congress and each one's contribution in fighting for the democracy.

I have seen two threats to Nepali Congress. The biggest was and is always the internal one. There are groups, and clans in the Congress Party who want to impose their own rules and reigns. There are clearly visible 36se and 64se in congress in different form, shape and size. There are divided Koiralas who are competing to get past to each other and there are other power centers like Deuba and Paudel camp. There may be other camps which we may not still be aware of.

There is another threat to Nepali Congress currently. This threat is not only to Congress party. All major Center and Center right parties of Nepal are facing the threat. There is a concerted malicious attempt in Nepali writings to show that all the center and rightist parties are synonymous to oppressors.

The attempt has steadfastly taken its firm hold in Nepalese mind due to sustained propaganda from dedicated echo-chambers. After few years, the oft repeated lies are taken as a granted truth. Hence, I think there is an urgent need to write about a detailed history of Nepali Congress, its leaders - past and present, its contributions to democracy and of course, an honest account of its failures to make record straight.

If we write a history of Nepali Congress, it would be a true history of Democracy in Nepal and those malingers would get to know what they quote as truth is a mere propaganda. I am completely aware that this para can bracket me in the list of regressive and my itching middle finger to those judgement makers.

Let me state the qualitative facts about Nepali Congress. Nepali Congress in Nepal is what Indian National Congress in India was at the time of independence. Nepal and India faced two different kinds of tyrants and required two different approaches to tackle them. But, both represented the hopes of the masses. Both fought for democracy and egalitarian society. Both championed the cause of liberty, fraternity, and democracy. Writing on Nepali Congress is nothing less than the service to the democracy of Nepal.

Guha in his essay pictures the abysmal understanding of history by Sonia and her Son. He authoritatively writes that they are somewhat drawn to politics due to family lineage and not by competence and not by the support by the people. Guha says this will apply even to Indira Gandhi. He deprecates them for forgetting the contributions of many in Quit India movements unlike Panditji (Jawaharlal Nehru). He mocks of current captains of Indian Congress party that they will hardly be able to write the way Nehru could write in "Discovery of India". This comment of Guha reminded me of BP Koirala. BP was an international leader from Nepal and certainly of a stature of Nehru. No one Congress leader after him has displayed such a versatility.

In the case of Indira, Sonia and Rahul, they were drawn to congress party politics due to family lineage and catastrophe which struck the family. So, there was no need of any competence, merit and intelligence. I think the same yardstick applies to Sujata Koirala, Prakash Koirala, Sekhar Koirala and other Koiralas including Girija Babu. I have not read a single intelligent piece written by them and this fact should also be written in that complete history of Nepali Congress if it is ever written. This will differentiate the democratic nature of Congress from those of new mushroom parties.

Will such history be ever written?

Please share if you have read or if you would suggest me/us to read any book on democratic struggle of Nepalis and the contributions of Congress Party.

Sunday, 27 July 2014

Nepal, Judiciary, Judges and their appointments - reflection

Well, the judicial appointment is a farce in Nepal. That we have seen recently. Despite constitutional mandate to clear name of the justices of Supreme Court of Nepal before their appointment, what we saw recently was the mockery of appointment. This was due to mockery of parliamentary discussion on the issue. (Read More Here how the appointment went ahead in May, 2014 in Nepal: http://www.thehimalayantimes.com/fullNews.php?headline=PHSC+okays+apex+court+judges%27++appointment&NewsID=416174 )

What followed thereafter was another tussle between lawmakers and journalists after the bill to curb defamation of courts and justices were introduced in Nepalese Parliament (Bill to punish the contempt of court). Journalists and the members of Civil Society made a hue and cry and rightly so. The allegations against the Law Minister of Nepal were that the bill was introduced as a direct effect of criticisms harped by Nepali journalists in the wake of recent judicial postings. 



I do not think any sane writers could have written anything good and read worthy on the process of judicial appointments practiced by “democratic” government of Nepal. The topic is certainly not meritorious. But, I am raising this topic after a gap in the wake of similar controversy in India where former Supreme Court Justice Katju alleged that former three Supreme Court Chief justices of India came under a government pressure to appoint a justice at Madras High Court and to extend his tenure despite Intelligence Bureau (IB) had found adverse records against him.


As compared to Nepalese Supreme Court, Indian judiciary has long history and tradition in appointing Judges and the duty is entrusted to a Collegium – which comprises mostly the senior most justices of SC. Once the Collegium refers the name, it will send the appointees' name to the Law Ministry which would then, advice the President of India to appoint the Justices. 

Of Course, the names referred by the SC Collegium is not binding to the Government though it may not out-rightly refuse to appoint the person referred by the Collegium. Instead, it may never forward the name of the person referred by the Collegium to the President of India and the person effectively, may not get appointed as SC Justice. This is exactly what recently happened in the case of the Senior Advocate Gopal Subrahmanium. (Read More Here:  http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/government-dropped-gopal-subramaniums-name-without-my-consent-cji/article6167083.ece )

As compared to Indian model of appointment of SC Justices, Nepal is supposed to have a better model. Nepal has a National Judicial Council (JC) which has members from judiciary, the bar and from the government (Law Minister). 

However, it is one thing to have a robust system on a paper and entirely different and defunct mechanism when it comes to practice. In the past, there were many occasions when SC Justices could not be appointed as Judicial Council itself did not have required quorum due to various defunct constitutional positions.

After Nepal’s Interim Constitution was promulgated in 2007 AD after the historic change of the country from Kingdom to Republican set up, a new euphoria had caught up the nation. Amidst the wave of change, some new provisions were inserted in the Interim Constitution where it was provided that the Justices should be like “Caesar's Wife" and must be above suspicion. Hence, it provided that a new test should be passed by them – that is clearance from the sovereign Parliament of Nepal, a clearance from Parliamentary Hearing Committee.

However, our practices show that good intentions alone cannot create a controversy free judiciary. Mere words in our Constitution can not ensure that clean Justices would be occupying the seat for handing down the justices. The intention and spirit of our Constitution needs to get backing from the deeds of our parliamentarians and as usual, as happened many times in the past, our representatives have failed and have made us feel that we have failed.

The problem with appointment of clean Justices at the highest court is hampered by nexus between politicians and probable appointees. We need to admit that political leanings and backings are still decisive factor in promoting any civil servants in Nepal including the Justices. The problem stems from the desire of politicians to get closer with the Judiciary and also due to the inability of our judiciary to distance itself from any political fears and favours. 

In India, the National Judicial Accountability Bill is being discussed these days with a hope that such instruments can curb the prevailing problems. In Nepal too, we need to start debating on such instruments which hopefully remove little more clouds of doubts in Judicial appoints before we reach our dreamland of corrupt free Judiciary, corruption free society.

Till then, lets hope we will not face a situation where we have to go to courts!